English Australians are high in masculinity because they are proud of their success and achievements in life, driven by competition, and success is defined by the “winner” and “best-in-the-field”. This value system occurs both in work and leisurely activities.

Aboriginals are high in femininity because their dominant values in society are caring for others and quality of life. Signs of success and standing out from the crowd is not seen as admirable.

Uncertainty Avoidance:

English Australians have an average uncertainty avoidance because they are a fairly pragmatic culture because generalists and experts are both needed. There is a large degree of acceptance for new ideas.

Aboriginals have a low uncertainty avoidance because they have been bound to their traditions for thousands of years, view straying away from these traditions as negative, and not open to new ways of doing things within their culture.

Power Distance:

English Australians have a low power distance because hierarchy is established for convenience but superiors are always accessible and managers rely on individual and all employees for their success.

Aboriginals have a high power distance because hierarchy is implemented into everyday life and those not in authoritative positions follow what their superiors tell them to do.


English Australians are individualistic because they tend to look out for their immediate family members. At work they are expected to be self-reliant and display initiative. They are a low-context culture because they are explicit in their language use and rely on the communicator to convey the intended message.

Aboriginals are collectivistic because they are group centered, rely on one another for survival, and look after all members of the culture. They are a high-context culture because they are implicit in their language use that speaks to members of the in-group. 

Long-Term Orientation:

English Australians and Aboriginals have a short-term orientation because they are focused on traditions and fulfilling social obligations.